Data and maps
26th September 2023
Each year after publication of the Eurostat figures for Municipal Waste Treatment, CEWEP produces many graphs based on this data in order to show the state of waste treatment in Europe.
This particular graph shows the share of recycling (including composting), Waste-to-Energy and landfilling of municipal waste in each EU Member State (plus Norway, Switzerland and Iceland), sorted by share of landfilling. It also displays the missing data, which includes the gaps between the waste generated in the country and the waste treated.
In 2021 the leading country for recycling was Germany, with 68% of municipal waste either recycled or composted. While 9 Member States (including Slovenia, which shows a 21% gap between waste treated and waste generated) landfilled less than 10 % of their waste – which is the target set by the new Landfill Directive for 2035 – 10 Member States still landfilled more than 50 % of their municipal waste (including Bulgaria, where 40% of the waste generated was not treated and is therefore assumed to be landfilled).
The graph can be downloaded here or by clicking on the picture below. Last update: 26th September 2023